首页期刊信息编委及顾问期刊发行联系方式使用帮助常见问题ENGLISH
位置:首页 >> 正文
高NFDA1汉墓酥粉灰陶文物的病变机理
作者:赵静1 2 3 罗宏杰1 2 王丽琴3 李伟东1 2 容波4 周铁4 
单位:1.中国科学院上海硅酸盐研究所古陶瓷研究中心 上海200050  2.古陶瓷科学研究国家文物局重点科研基地 上海200050  3.西北大学文化遗产学院 西安710069  4.秦始皇帝陵博物院 西安710600 
关键词:高堎汉墓 灰陶文物 酥粉 可溶盐 微裂纹 
分类号:TB321
出版年,卷(期):页码:2014,42(9):1152-1160
DOI:10.7521/j.issn.0454-5648.2014.09.12
摘要:

利用超景深显微系统、扫描电子显微镜、离子色谱和X射线衍射等分析了典型酥粉陶质文物样品的化学成分、微观形貌以及含有的可溶盐离子成分和浓度。结果表明:含量占样品总质量3.00%~10.00%的可溶盐NaCl和NaNO3是导致文物酥粉的主要原因。通过可溶盐溶液在陶质样品中的结晶动力学分析以及在模拟陶质样品中的结晶破坏过程,证实陶质样品的破坏本质在于可溶盐结晶受力过程中微裂纹的扩展和贯通。在环境相对湿度变化引起裂纹扩展贯通过程中,样品质量、形貌、孔径和强度都发生一定程度的变化,其中,NaCl结晶体对陶质样品产生的负压压力较大,破坏性最强。
 

My wife cheated on me women cheat because reasons married men cheat
cialis discount coupons cialis 2015 coupon

Properties of typical efflorescence gray potteries such as composition, micro-morphology, salt contents and concentration were analyzed using the test methods of digital microscope, scanning electron microscopy, ion chromatography and X-ray diffractometer. The results indicated the soluble salts NaCl and NaNO3 with the contents about 3.00%-10.00% in the ancient pottery was the principal cause for the pottery efflorescence and decay. The interaction of soluble salt and the effect of salt on the pottery were studied by the analysis of salt crystallization kinetics and the failure process of simulated gray pottery samples. The growth and connection of the micro-cracks in the particles of samples under the stress of salt crystallization was the destructive nature of pottery efflorescence, and the significant properties about quality, morphology, pore size distribution and flexural strength of simulated potteries had changed in the salt crystallization with the varied of environmental relative humidity, and the most devastating salt was the crystallization of sodium chloride, which was the important reason for the gray pottery efflorescence.
 

online want my wife to cheat married woman looking to cheat
how do i know if my wife has cheated infidelity in marriage read
amoxicillin amoxicillin amoxicillin
bystolic copay card click bystolic coupon voucher
基金项目:
国家“973”计划(2012CB720901);国家自然科学基金青年基金(51302302);国家自然科学基金重点项目(51232008)资助。
作者简介:
第一作者:赵 静(1981—),女,博士研究生。 通信作者:罗宏杰(1955—),男,博士,教授。
open cheat women go
参考文献:

[1] 赵静,罗宏杰,王丽琴,等.陕西陇县东南镇汉墓酥粉釉陶文物的研究[J].中国科学:技术科学,2014(4): 398-406.
   ZHAO Jing, LUO Hongjie, WANG Liqin, et al. Sci China Technol Sci (in Chinese), 2014(4): 398-406.
[2] 鲁晓珂,李伟东,罗宏杰.五代南汉国王陵出土陶瓷器的特点和来源探析[J].硅酸盐学报,2011,39:818-824.
   LU Xiaoke, Li Weidong, LUO Hongjie. J Chin Ceram Soc, 2011,39:818-824.
[3] 李冬娟,王翀,王卫卫,等.汉阳陵文物表面硫酸盐形成原因微生物学证据[J].微生物学通报,2010, 37: 1272-1277.
   LI Dongjuan, WANG Chong, WANG Weiwei, et al.Mocrobiology(in Chinese), 2010, 37: 1272-1277.
[4] 党小娟,容波,段萍,等.山东青州香山汉墓出土西汉彩绘陶器腐蚀病害及其机理分析[J].文物保护与考古科学,2012, 24: 61-67.
   DANG Xiaojuan, RONG Bo, DUAN Ping, et al. Sci Conserv Archaeol(in Chinese), 2012, 24: 61-67.
[5] LUBELLI B, VAN HEES R P J, GROOT C. Sodium chloride: Crystallization in a “salt transporting” restoration plaster[J]. Cem Concr Res, 2006, 36:1467-1474.
[6] CANTISANI E, GARZONIO C A, RICCI M. Relationships between the petrographical, physical and mechanical properties of some Italian sandstones[J]. Int J Rock Mech Min, 2013, 60: 321-332.
[7] D′AGOSTINO D. Moisture dynamics in an historical masonry structure: The cathedral of Lecce (South Italy) [J]. Build Environ, 2013, 63: 122-133.
[8] VAZQUEZ P, ALONSO F J, CARRIZO L. Evaluation of the petrophysical properties of sedimentary building stones in order to establish quality criteria[J]. Constr Build Mater, 2013, 41: 868-878.
[9] EL-GOHARY M A. Evaluation of treated and un-treated Nubia sandstone using ultrasonic as a non-destructive technique[J]. J Archaeol Sci, 2013, 40: 2190-2195.
[10] VERAN-TISSOIRES S. Salt crystallization at the surface of a heterogeneous porous medium[J]. Europhys Lett, 2012, 98: 1-5.
[11] NOUSHINE S, JULIE D. Damage in porous media: role of the kinetics of salt (re)crystallization[J]. Eur Phys J Appl Phys, 2012, 60: 205-212.
[12] MOUSSA A B, KANTIRANIS N, VOUDOURIS K S, et al. Diagnosis of weathered coptic wall paintings in the Wadi El Natrun region, Egypt[J]. J Cult Herit, 2009, 10: 152-157.
[13] ANDRE M F, ETIENNE S, MERCIER D, et al. Assessment of sandstone deterioration at Ta Keo temple (Angkor): First results and future prospects[J]. Environ Geol, 2008, 56: 677-688.
[14] EL-SHISHTAWY A M, ATWIA M G, EL-GOHARY A, et al. Impact of soil and groundwater corrosion on the Hierakonpolis Temple Town archaeological site, Wadi Abu Sufian, Idfu, Egypt[J]. Environ Monit Assess, 2013, 185: 4491-4511.
[15] ADAMSON A W, GAST A P. Physical Chemistry of Surfaces[M]. 6th Ed. New York: Wiley Interscience Press, 1997.
[16] CORRENS C W. Growth and dissolution of crystals under linear pressure[J]. Discuss Faraday Soc, 1949, 5: 267-271.
 

how do i know if my wife has cheated men having affairs read
open click here go
how to catch a cheater redirect go
open open My husband cheated on me
doxycycline doxycycline doxycycline
amoxicillin amoxicillin amoxicillin
cialis coupon cialis coupon cialis coupon
abortion pill abortion pill abortion pill
服务与反馈:
文章下载】【加入收藏
中国硅酸盐学会《硅酸盐学报》编辑室
京ICP备10016537号-2
京公网安备 11010802024188号
地址:北京市海淀区三里河路11号    邮政编码:100831
电话:010-57811253  57811254    
E-mail:jccs@ceramsoc.com